Mastering these 3 grammar rules makes you more sophisticated

Congratulations! You’re on the way to stardom!

Why not? Knowing how to speak English well could open lots of opportunities for you.

Your interest in reading this post shows that you’re past the beginner stage and entering the intermediate level, or at least a kiss away from it.

By now, you should be able to talk to someone in English confidently. You are equipped with sufficient vocabulary enabling you to express yourself better.

As an ESL intermediate student, what sets you apart from beginners?

There are some grammar rules though which are often misunderstood by most ESL students.

In this post, let’s get down to 3 of the rules which even fluent English speakers miss.

The Subjunctive Mood

The Subjunctive Mood is used to express a wish, suggestion, request or condition contrary to the fact.

Verb forms may change as the sentence is transformed to the subjunctive mood.

Here is a summary of these changes.

Non- subjunctive Subjunctive
is be
was were
verbs in the present tense base form

Example

John is awarded Best in Mathematics. — non– subjunctive 

I wish that John be awarded best in Mathematics.— subjunctive

She was very silent. — non– subjunctive

If I were her, I would be silent. — subjunctive

Jane drinks at least 8 glasses of water a day.— non– subjunctive

I suggest that Jane drink at least 8 glasses of water a day.— subjunctive

Subject- Verb Agreement

The subject has to agree with the verb.

This may sound easy but a lot of ESL learners continue to get confused with the rules, or maybe tend to forget how to apply them.

The difficulty is always in the speaking.

We have to start off with the basic Subject- Verb- Agreement rule.

Rule 1

singular noun- base form + s

plural noun- base form

Examples

The children want to eat cake

The child wants to eat cake.

This is pretty simple.

Surely, ESL intermediate students have gone far and wide on the Subject- Verb- Agreement topic.

Past Participles as Adjectives

In the sentence “I’m bored.”, “bored” is the adjective.

While we associate past participles with verbs, they are used as adjectives in sentences.

Examples

WANTED as a VERB (past form)

I wanted to get a good score in my examinations.

WANTED as an ADJECTIVE (participle)

Alex, you are wanted in the principal’s office.

In the last sentence, the word “wanted” describes Alex who needed to go to the principal’s office.

As your English quest continues, don’t forget to practice what you learn.

Love studying. It is through falling in love that you truly enjoy what you’re doing.

Have fun!

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