Mastering these 3 grammar rules makes you more sophisticated
Congratulations! You’re on the way to stardom!
Why not? Knowing how to speak English well could open lots of opportunities for you.
Your interest in reading this post shows that you’re past the beginner stage and entering the intermediate level, or at least a kiss away from it.
By now, you should be able to talk to someone in English confidently. You are equipped with sufficient vocabulary enabling you to express yourself better.
As an ESL intermediate student, what sets you apart from beginners?
There are some grammar rules though which are often misunderstood by most ESL students.
In this post, let’s get down to 3 of the rules which even fluent English speakers miss.
The Subjunctive Mood
The Subjunctive Mood is used to express a wish, suggestion, request or condition contrary to the fact.
Verb forms may change as the sentence is transformed to the subjunctive mood.
Here is a summary of these changes.
|verbs in the present tense||base form|
John is awarded Best in Mathematics. — non– subjunctive
I wish that John be awarded best in Mathematics.— subjunctive
She was very silent. — non– subjunctive
If I were her, I would be silent. — subjunctive
Jane drinks at least 8 glasses of water a day.— non– subjunctive
I suggest that Jane drink at least 8 glasses of water a day.— subjunctive
Subject- Verb Agreement
The subject has to agree with the verb.
This may sound easy but a lot of ESL learners continue to get confused with the rules, or maybe tend to forget how to apply them.
The difficulty is always in the speaking.
We have to start off with the basic Subject- Verb- Agreement rule.
singular noun- base form + s
plural noun- base form
The children want to eat cake
The child wants to eat cake.
This is pretty simple.
Surely, ESL intermediate students have gone far and wide on the Subject- Verb- Agreement topic.
Past Participles as Adjectives
In the sentence “I’m bored.”, “bored” is the adjective.
While we associate past participles with verbs, they are used as adjectives in sentences.
WANTED as a VERB (past form)
I wanted to get a good score in my examinations.
WANTED as an ADJECTIVE (participle)
Alex, you are wanted in the principal’s office.
In the last sentence, the word “wanted” describes Alex who needed to go to the principal’s office.
As your English quest continues, don’t forget to practice what you learn.
Love studying. It is through falling in love that you truly enjoy what you’re doing.