Form PLURAL NOUNS correctly by following these 7 rules

A noun in Plural form refers to two or more persons, places, things, animals, events or feelings.

Take note of the following rules when forming plural nouns:

Most plural nouns end in S. For example:

papers

boys

bottles

computers

rooms

books

Some plural nouns are formed using some rules. Here are the most common rules and examples for each:

Rule 1

For nouns ending in S, X, SH and CH, just add ES at the end of the word. (–es)

glass- glasses

brush- brushes

match- matches

box- boxes

beach- beaches

dress- dresses

witch- witches

dish- dishes

Rule 2

For nouns ending in Y, change Y to I and add ES. (-ies) This rule applies when the letter before Y is a consonant.

baby- babies

dictionary- dictionaries

puppy- puppies

story- stories

lady- ladies

diary- diaries

family- families

library- libraries

Rule 3

For nouns ending in Y, add S. (-s)

This rule applies when the letter before Y is a vowel.

toy- toys

bay- bays

tray- trays

turkey- turkeys

valley- valleys

jersey- jerseys

cowboy- cowboys

day- days

Rule 4

For nouns ending in F and FE, change F to V and add ES.(-ves)

leaf- leaves

wolf- wolves

thief- thieves

elf- elves

But some nouns ending in F and FE only add S. (-s)

chef- chefs

chief- chiefs

roof-roofs

sheriff- sheriffs

handkerchief- handkerchiefs

cliff- cliffs

giraffe- giraffes

Rule 5

For nouns ending in O, add S to the plural form. (-s)

kangaroo- kangaroos

zoo- zoos

video- videos

But some nouns ending in O, add ES. (-es)

tomato- tomatoes

potato- potatoes

For some nouns add either S or ES for their plural forms. (-s) or (-es)

mango- mangoes

zero- zeroes

mosquito- mosquitoes

Rule 6

Some plural nouns don’t follow any specific rule. They are called irregular nouns

foot- feet

tooth- teeth

ox- oxen

fungus- fungi

sheep- sheep

mouse- mice

goose- geese

child- children

man- men

woman- women

Rule 7

Some nouns always end S and are thus considered plural.

jeans

trousers

shoes

scissors

Qualifiers should be added to make these nouns singular.

jeans- a pair of jeans

scissors- a pair of scissors

sandals- a pair of sandals

Example:

These jeans do not fit me. (NOT: This jeans does not fit me; jeans is always plural)

This pair of jeans does not fit me. (NOT: These pair of jeans do not fit me; pair of jeans is considered singular because of the quantifier pair)

Collective Nouns

Collective Nouns are words for groups of people, animals, or things.

family

orchestra

audience

choir

class

group

Generally, a singular verb form should be used with collective nouns.

Example:

The choir sings classical songs. (NOT: The choir sing classical songs.)

Our group wants to join the dance contest. (NOT: Our group want to join the dance competition.)

The audience loudly laughs at his jokes. (NOT: The audience loudly laugh at his jokes.)

Other examples of collective nouns in their singular and plural forms:

A collection of books- collections of books

A deck of cards- decks of cards

A bunch of bananas- bunches of bananas

A fleet of ships- fleets of ships

A herd of sheep- herds of ships

A set of pens- sets of pens

A swarm of bees- swarms of bees

A school of fish- schools of fish

A pack of wolves- packs of wolves

Some commonly used collective terms are the following:

 B

Board – a group of people, usually professionals

Bunch – usually a group of smallish objects such as grapes, flowers, keys, or bananas

C

Choir – a group of singers

Crew – a group of workers;

Crowd – usually used to describe a group of people

F

Flock– a group of birds

G

Gang – used to describe a group of criminals; also used to describe a group of workers

Group – a general term used to describe people, places, things, and animals

H

Heap –a collection of items; with the same meaning as “pile”

Herd– A group of herbivore animals

M

Mob – Normally used to describe an angry or unruly group of people; also used to describe a group of kangaroos

O

Orchestra – an organized group of people playing instruments

P

Pack– a group of canine animals such as wolves or dogs

Panel – a group of experts

Pile – a collection of items, which are usually untidy

S

Series – refer to movies, books, or events that follow one after another

Set – a tidy group of matched objects such as cups and plates

Shoal– a group of fish

Staff – a group of people who belong to the same workplace

Swarm– a group of insects, usually bees

T

Troupe – a group of dancers, actors or acrobats

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